patria spanish edition

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Historia Patria

Author : Carolyn P. Boyd
ISBN : 0691026564
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 84 MB
Format : PDF
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Beginning with the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1875 and ending with the death of General Francisco Franco in 1975, this book explores the intersection of education and nationalism in Spain. Based on a broad range of archival and published sources, including parliamentary and ministerial records, pedagogical treatises and journals, teachers' manuals, memoirs, and a sample of over two hundred primary and secondary school textbooks, the study examines ideological and political conflict among groups of elites seeking to shape popular understanding of national history and identity through the schools, both public and private. A burgeoning literature on European nationalisms has posited that educational systems in general, and an instrumentalized version of national history in particular, have contributed decisively to the articulation and transmission of nationalist ideologies. The Spanish case reveals a different dynamic. In Spain, a chronically weak state, a divided and largely undemocratic political class, and an increasingly polarized social and political climate impeded the construction of an effective system of national education and the emergence of a consensus on the shape and meaning of the Spanish national past. This in turn contributed to one of the most striking features of modern Spanish political and cultural life--the absence of a strong sense of Spanish, as opposed to local or regional, identity. Scholars with interests in modern European cultural politics, processes of state consolidation, nationalism, and the history of education will find this book essential reading.

In The Time Of The Butterflies

Author : Julia Alvarez
ISBN : 9781565129764
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 62. 81 MB
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A story based on actual events evokes the horror of the Dominican Republic under dictator General Trujillo, as three sisters die in a jeep "accident."

La Patria Del Criollo

Author : Severo Martinez Pelaez
ISBN : 9780822392064
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 32 MB
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This translation of Severo Martínez Peláez’s La Patria del Criollo, first published in Guatemala in 1970, makes a classic, controversial work of Latin American history available to English-language readers. Martínez Peláez was one of Guatemala’s foremost historians and a political activist committed to revolutionary social change. La Patria del Criollo is his scathing assessment of Guatemala’s colonial legacy. Martínez Peláez argues that Guatemala remains a colonial society because the conditions that arose centuries ago when imperial Spain held sway have endured. He maintains that economic circumstances that assure prosperity for a few and deprivation for the majority were altered neither by independence in 1821 nor by liberal reform following 1871. The few in question are an elite group of criollos, people of Spanish descent born in Guatemala; the majority are predominantly Maya Indians, whose impoverishment is shared by many mixed-race Guatemalans. Martínez Peláez asserts that “the coffee dictatorships were the full and radical realization of criollo notions of the patria.” This patria, or homeland, was one that criollos had wrested from Spaniards in the name of independence and taken control of based on claims of liberal reform. He contends that since labor is needed to make land productive, the exploitation of labor, particularly Indian labor, was a necessary complement to criollo appropriation. His depiction of colonial reality is bleak, and his portrayal of Spanish and criollo behavior toward Indians unrelenting in its emphasis on cruelty and oppression. Martínez Peláez felt that the grim past he documented surfaces each day in an equally grim present, and that confronting the past is a necessary step in any effort to improve Guatemala’s woes. An extensive introduction situates La Patria del Criollo in historical context and relates it to contemporary issues and debates.

For La Patria

Author : Brian Loveman
ISBN : 9780585282077
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 94 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Defending 'la patria,' or 'homeland,' is the historical mission claimed by Latin American armed forces. For la Patria is a comprehensive narrative history of the military's political role in Latin America in national defense and security. Latin American civil-military relations and the role of the armed forces in politics, like those of all modern nation-states, are framed by constitutional and legal norms specifying the formal relationships between the armed forces and the rest of society. In actuality, they are also the result of expectations, attitudes, values, and practices evolved over centuries-integral aspects of national political cultures. Military institutions in each Latin American nation have resulted from that country's own blend of local and imported influences, developing a distinctive pattern of civil-military relations as defender of the fatherland and guarantor of security and order. Written by Latin American specialist Brian Loveman, For la Patria includes tables, maps, photographs, and a glossary that will assist the student in better understanding the military's intervention in politics in Latin America. This new text will give students a thorough and accessible history of Latin American armed forces and their actions in Latin American politics from colonial times to the present.

La Patria Del Criollo

Author : Severo Martinez Pelaez
ISBN : 9780822392064
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 60 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This translation of Severo Martínez Peláez’s La Patria del Criollo, first published in Guatemala in 1970, makes a classic, controversial work of Latin American history available to English-language readers. Martínez Peláez was one of Guatemala’s foremost historians and a political activist committed to revolutionary social change. La Patria del Criollo is his scathing assessment of Guatemala’s colonial legacy. Martínez Peláez argues that Guatemala remains a colonial society because the conditions that arose centuries ago when imperial Spain held sway have endured. He maintains that economic circumstances that assure prosperity for a few and deprivation for the majority were altered neither by independence in 1821 nor by liberal reform following 1871. The few in question are an elite group of criollos, people of Spanish descent born in Guatemala; the majority are predominantly Maya Indians, whose impoverishment is shared by many mixed-race Guatemalans. Martínez Peláez asserts that “the coffee dictatorships were the full and radical realization of criollo notions of the patria.” This patria, or homeland, was one that criollos had wrested from Spaniards in the name of independence and taken control of based on claims of liberal reform. He contends that since labor is needed to make land productive, the exploitation of labor, particularly Indian labor, was a necessary complement to criollo appropriation. His depiction of colonial reality is bleak, and his portrayal of Spanish and criollo behavior toward Indians unrelenting in its emphasis on cruelty and oppression. Martínez Peláez felt that the grim past he documented surfaces each day in an equally grim present, and that confronting the past is a necessary step in any effort to improve Guatemala’s woes. An extensive introduction situates La Patria del Criollo in historical context and relates it to contemporary issues and debates.

The Autumn Of The Patriarch

Author : Gabriel Garcia Marquez
ISBN : 9780141917252
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 79. 26 MB
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Gabriel Garcia Marquez, winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize for Literature and author of One Hundred Years of Solitude, explores the loneliness of power in Autumn of the Patriarch. 'Over the weekend the vultures got into the presidential palace by pecking through the screens on the balcony windows and the flapping of their wings stirred up the stagnant time inside' As the citizens of an unnamed Caribbean nation creep through dusty corridors in search of their tyrannical leader, they cannot comprehend that the frail and withered man lying dead on the floor can be the self-styled General of the Universe. Their arrogant, manically violent leader, known for serving up traitors to dinner guests and drowning young children at sea, can surely not die the humiliating death of a mere mortal? Tracing the demands of a man whose egocentric excesses mask the loneliness of isolation and whose lies have become so ingrained that they are indistinguishable from truth, Marquez has created a fantastical portrait of despotism that rings with an air of reality. 'Delights with its quirky humanity and black humour and impresses by its total originality' Vogue 'Captures perfectly the moral squalor and political paralysis that enshrouds a society awaiting the death of a long-term dictator' Guardian 'Marquez writes in this lyrical, magical language that no-one else can do' Salman Rushdie

Juan Pablo Magno Spanish Edition

Author : Carlos Miguel Buela
ISBN : 9781933871905
Genre : Religion
File Size : 29. 33 MB
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Su persona, vida, pensamiento y obras no pueden ser acabadamente comprendidos ni siquiera con una catarata de títulos y conceptos: Vicario de Cristo, primero de estirpe eslava. Sucesor de San Pedro. Formado, profetizado y «miracolato» por la Virgen María. Un Apóstol de los últimos tiempos, de los anunciados por San Luis María Grignion de Montfort. Un místico de alto vuelo. Pan partido y Sangre derramada. Cantor de la Misericordia. El gran misionero del siglo XX: ¡Jamás esquivo a la aventura misionera!, primer misionero planetario y de largas y profundas misiones póstumas. Más confiado en la Providencia que los pájaros del cielo y los lirios del campo. Varón de dolores. Panoplia de siete espadas. Altar. Defensor fidei. Servidor de los hombres. Patriota ejemplar. Sol sin ocaso. Profundo conocedor del Concilio Vaticano II. Discípulo de Jesucristo, a rajatabla. Le mojó la oreja al Anticristo. Magno: como Maestro y Doctor, Sacerdote y Padre, Pastor eximio, Poeta y cantor, Metafísico y Guerrero: Lo llamaron «el Vikingo de Dios», «Exocet», «el Atleta», y Magno por su oración, grandes sufrimientos, palabras y obras. Confesor de la fe. Testigo y predicador incansable. «El mejor hijo de nuestra nación» (Beato Jerzy Popieluszko). Vencedor del comunismo. Hombre de las «standing ovations»: en las plazas de la Victoria (15'), en San Pedro (13'), en Montecitorio, en San Juan de Letrán… Enamorado del Viento. Titán que torció el brazo de la historia. Rosario viviente. Gladiador del evangelio de Jesucristo. Alegría chispeante y fiesta para las almas. Sembrador de eternidades. Víctima. Perenne apoteosis. Paladín de la justicia. Trabajador homérico. Héroe de los siete mares. Campeón invicto de todos los récords. Señor del amanecer y centinela del mañana. Amigo de los mendigos. Líder del mundo. Supo escribir con su vida una sublime gesta épica. Templo. Regalo del Cielo. Hombre de virtudes colosales. Apóstol de los jóvenes y las familias. Cirio encendido. Suscitador de vocaciones. Piloto de tormentas. Mecido por multitudes incontables. Tsunami de Vida, Verdad y Amor. Profeta de ciclópeas visiones. Campana al vuelo. Perenne ¡Aleluya! Intrépido luchador. Milagro viviente. Hombre cabal. Beato y luego, Iglesia mediante, Santo. Juan Pablo II fue y es un grande, incluso en el Cielo.

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